Cryptocurrency refers to the digital currency that is exchanged online, directly in a peer-to-peer fashion. Unlike ‘regular’ forms of physical currency that we have known thus far, cryptocurrency is free from any kind of government control. This type of currency leverages blockchain technology to create a decentralized network of nodes that monitor and validate all crypto transactions. It is among the most sophisticated manifestations of modern technologies such as the internet, high-performing computers, cryptography, and blockchain. Some popular examples include Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin, Monero, Ethereum Classic, Bitcoin Gold, and Dogecoin.
It is the blockchain-powered design of cryptocurrency that makes it superior to fiat currency in more ways than one, including functionality, efficiency, and security. The decentralized nature of cryptocurrency makes it truly peer-to-peer for it negates the role of a central bank or similar government oversight. This also increases the speed, while reducing the cost of transactions. A public ledger ensures the transparency of the system. In addition, since the blockchain network ties every new block to the one before it, it creates an immutable network of currencies that offer the highest form of security. The global nature of cryptocurrencies shields it against economic instability and exchange-rate fluctuation.
A blockchain is a form of distributed ledger technology (DLT) that is maintained by a network of nodes, each of which stores its own copy of the blockchain. There can, hence, be thousands of copies of the same blockchain spread across a decentralized public network which makes it very difficult to manipulate or hack the blockchain technology. The aim is to create an open record of data and retain autonomy over it; no single person or committee is put in charge of the record, the trust is rather vested in the technology that runs the network. The various computers that are connected to a blockchain use power and energy to verify transactions on the network. Upon successful verification, various transactions are grouped and chained together as blocks in the blockchain. This process of creation of new blocks is known as mining and the people doing it are called miners. Miners are rewarded for their effort and resources spent on mining, in the form of crypto paybacks. Hence, this is how the two technologies are intertwined – cryptocurrency is an incentive for people to maintain the blockchain.
Mining can be a complicated process to understand. Each block is hashed with a nonce (ie. an integer), the result of which is another hash (with a set number of zeroes in the beginning). As miners race to find the desired hash, the computers run through random nonces to discover the magical hash. This task, however, is no longer achievable by a regular Joe or Jane with a computer and an internet connection.
Mining has become super competitive and requires special hardware known as application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs). It is now largely done commercially, primarily in countries that offer cheap electricity. On a mathematical note, the highly sophisticated SHA256 cryptographic algorithm is used to produce these hashes. The confirmation hash of every new block is linked with that of the previous block, hence making an irreversible chain. The entire process of validation and verification of the blocks thrives on the concept of proof of work. This is a consensus mechanism that is deployed given its asymmetry – it is hard to replicate but easy to verify. So miners can run the transaction data through a verification hash that verifies it but does not reveal the information itself.
Also read: A Comprehensive Introduction to Cryptocurrency Trading.
Cryptocurrency is stored in a digital wallet and exchanged using public and private keys. Think of the public key as your bank account number which can be used to send money into your account. For withdrawing money, however, the private key acts like the online banking password that protects your crypto wallet. Cryptocurrency can, therefore, be exchanged directly between individuals. In addition, cryptos such as Bitcoin can be traded on the BTC market using online trading platforms such as CoinDCX and CoinDCX Go.
Cryptocurrency transactions or Bitcoin payments are open to the public and every transaction is trackable. The only thing one cannot track while tracking crypto transactions is the identity of the person behind the transactions.
Also Read: Safety Measures you should abide by.
The most important requirement before sending or receiving cryptocurrencies is acquiring a cryptocurrency wallet and a public address to where you will be transferring the cryptocurrency to.
Let us take a look at the process of sending and receiving cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ether, etc. on CoinDCX:
Bitcoin payment service instantly converts the bitcoins you received into the currency of your choice, i.e. INR or USD, whenever you want. The money gets added to your bank account either with the help of the senders PSPs or with the help of the cryptocurrency exchange in use.
CoinDCX is the largest crypto exchange in India, with over 100,000 active traders and a $10 million daily trading volume. It is an all-inclusive ecosystem with a built-in CoinDCX Wallet that the users can securely store their cryptos in, or even use to transact with other parties. CoinDCX offers the most powerful wallet, so you can trade on Spot, Margins, Futures, and Lend using a single wallet. In addition to impenetrable security measures such as cold wallet storage, withdrawal confirmations, and 2-factor authentication, complete fund safety is ensured by BitGo. CoinDCX is, therefore, among the most trusted and safest crypto exchange with a loyal user base spread across the world.
CoinDCX Go is a platform created with the sole goal of creating crypto investment easy for you. CoinDCX Go is specially made to provide you with the swiftest and easiest path to start investing legally in cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and many other altcoins. To help you keep up with the constant change, we are providing you with a 3 step simple and easy solution. Say ‘Hello!’ to crypto with CoinDCX Go!
Here is a complete list of integrated CoinDCX products on offer:
Head over to CoinDCX and sign up today!
And if you are new to the crypto space, head over to CoinDCX Go!